Archive for the ‘Poultry’ Category

Broilers Vaccination Schedule-Poultry

July 23, 2011 Leave a comment

Disease prevention and control

Remember following points to prevent diseases in broilers.

  • Clean sanitary conditions of poultry sheds and equipment, balanced feed, fresh clean water, healthy chicks are essential to prevent diseases.

  • Avoid entry of visitors to farm, especially inside the sheds. If visitors come, ask them to dip their feet in a disinfectant solution wash and clean hands and to wear apron/boots provided by the farm.

  • Use proper vaccination schedule. Use high quality vaccines purchased from reputed manufacturers. Keep vaccines in cool, dry conditions away from sunlight. Any leftover vaccine should be properly disposed off. Vaccines should not be used after their expiry date is over.

  • Any bird showing advanced signs of a disease, should be removed from the shed and culled. It can be sent to laboratory for diagnosis

  • Birds showing advanced signs of a disease should be shown to a qualified veterinarian and suitable medication/treatment be given as per his/drug manufactures recommendations.

  • Any dead birds should be immediately removed from the shed and sent to laboratory for diagnosis or buried/buried/burnt suitably away from the poultry sheds. The waste of farm should be suitably disposed off.

  • Poultry manure, if infected, can spread disease, from one batch to another. Keep the litter dry, remove it after flock is sold and dispose the manure properly and quickly.

  • Keep proper records on mortality and its causes and the treatment given to birds. Dates of vaccination for each flock should be properly recorded.

  • Rats are important carries of poultry disease. Use suitable rat poisons/rat traps.


Name of disease

Name of vaccination

of vaccination

Route of


Marek’s disease

Herpes virus turkey vaccination 1 day old Sub cutaneous immunity


Ranikhet disease

RD vaccine (Lasota ‘F’ strain) 4-7 days old Intra-nasal


Fowl pox

Chick embryo adopted fowl 6-8 weeks of age Wing web method


July 23, 2011 Leave a comment

Disease is defined as a departure from health, and includes any condition that impairs normal body functions. Disease results from a combination of indirect causes that reduce resistance or predispose an animal to catching a disease, as well as the direct causes that produce the disease. Direct causes can be divided into two main categories, infectious and non-infectious. Some of the non-infectious conditions may result in reduced immune response (e.g. problems with nutrition), or increased contact with infectious organisms (e.g. poor housing and management), and will lead to increased incidences of infectious diseases.
In contrast to modern poultry production, village-based poultry production is often characterised by a range of diseases occurring at the same time. Most often free-range poultry have sub-clinical infections with a high number of endoparasites and ectoparasites.