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Yellow Rust of Wheat::Identification and Control

August 28, 2011 Leave a comment

The outburst of yellow rust in Distts  of Kathua, Samba and Jammu on variety PBW343 inthe preceding season (2008-09) was serious. This disease survives on volunteer Wheat plants in the hills during the off season. The rust produce yellow pustules in stripes on the leave when the season advances these stripes become black. The rust become severe by the end of February or Ist week of March, the affected leaves dry up, the grain shrivel and the yield is very low.

Favourable conditions:-

 

Cloudy weather, high humidity during Feb. and  March.
Extent of damage:-         Extent of damage range from 20-40%
Recommendations v  Use resistant varieties and adopt timely sowing

v  Rust resistant varieties like DBW 17 and PBW 550 are recommended for Jammu Samba & Kathua region of J&K state.

v  The Sowing of Wheat should be done after treating the seed with bioagent Trichoderma  viride @ 4.0 g/kg seed + fungicide  Tebuconazole 2DS (Rexil) @ 0.1 gm/Kg of wheat seed or Carboxin 75 WP (Vitavax 75 WP) @ 1.25 g/Kg seed.

v  In case of appearance of yellow rust on the crop, spray of Propiconazole 25 EC (Tilt 25 EC) @ 0.1% is recommended to check its further spread. This treatment also provide protection against powdery mildew  and Karnal bunt disease , besides rust.

v   Spray the crop with bayleton 200 @ 0.1% mancozeb @ 0.25% or triadimefon @ 0.01%. Ist spray is to be given at the initiation of disease and repeat spraying after 10-14 days interval.

v  One Spray of propiconazole 25EC @ 0.1 per cent be given on appearance of the disease. This spray should be given on seeing the initiation of the disease in the field or at the appropriate time somewhere in early February

 

 

Endosulfan ban continues in southern states

August 28, 2011 Leave a comment

A central expert committee has given a report to the Supreme Court endorsing ban on sale and use of endosulfan in Kerala and Karnataka but said farmers in other states could be allowed to use the pesticide for agriculture.
However, the expert committee jointly chaired by director general of Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR) and Agriculture Commissioner of India in its interim report to the court found ample proof of health disorders among people and damage to the environment to recommend enforcement of SC’s total ban on use of endosulfan in the two south Indian states.
Answering a specific query posed by a bench headed by Chief Justice S H Kapadia, the committee said if the court was not convinced to lift its interim ban on manufacture, sale and use of the cheap pesticide, then there could be no harm in allowing industry to exhaust their endosulfan stock through exports. The industry had been seeking SC’s permission to export to meet prior commitments. Recommending continuance of complete ban in Kerala and Karnataka, the report said, “The restriction on endosulfan is supported by data from Kerala and Karnataka only whereas none of the other states have reported endosulfan associated adverse health effects so far which is part of future investigations planned.” The court will consider the report on Friday. On May 13, the court had banned use of endosulfan across the country while directing the expert committee to report on the future course of action. The team of experts headed by ICMR DG V M Katoch and agricultural commissioner Gurbachan Singh conducted field studies and spot visits. The team concluded, “The major users of endosulfan based on 2009-10 data including Haryana, Punjab, Bihar and Maharashtra did not report any negative effect of endosulfan use on crops, human health, animal soil, and water with the exception of Kerala and Karnataka.”

The committee said a nation-wide study on the harmful effects of endosulfan could take up to two years.

But the report sounded an alarm about Kerala saying, “Reproductive morbidities in respect of infertility, abortions and intra-uterine deaths are more frequent in areas which were aerially sprayed with endosulfan. High incidence of infertility was spotted in women aged above 30 years while in younger women, the effect was gradually coming down.”

It added, “Boys showed delayed onset of puberty and prevalence of congenital abnormality among school children above 12 years of age, besides high incidence of cancer deaths among persons below 50 years of age.”

The report came in response to court’s queries on a PIL filed by Democratic Youth Federation of India (DYFI), which had sought a ban on the use of endosulfan.

Organic Foods, Antioxidants and Oncogenes

August 28, 2011 Leave a comment

Organic Foods helps in reducing the probability of getting cancer, have some kind of molecules called antioxidants that suppress oncogens. It sounds unbelievable but this is true and has been scientifically proved over and over again. One may ask how, well it is simple. Organic foods increase the antioxidant level in the body. Antioxidants are essential in eliminating the chances of getting cancer as one grows older. Now, someone might be wondering what antioxidants are and the relationship it has with organic foods. To answer that question, “antioxidants are compounds that may shield cells from the impairment initiated by unstable substances that are known as free radicals.Free radical impairment is the main reason behind the cause of cancerAntioxidants merge with and cause the free radicals to stabilize and may stop some of the impairment free radicals might then cause” (Source: National Cancer Institute).

With antioxidants understood, one can clearly see why they are important for the human system especially as we grow older and our immune system cannot combat certain bodily reactions. To further open the eyes of people on the benefits of organic foods, it must be observed that traditional foods make use of pesticides, herbicides and hormones which contribute largely to cancer development. Imagine increasing your chances of getting a disease which can kill when eating food which is meant for survival. It is better to prevent than to neglect an impending situation. To stick on the safer side, the population should encourage organic food consumption for good health and in the long run reduction in the death rates. Cancer, “which is any malignant growth or tumor caused by abnormal and uncontrolled cell division” (Source: Princeton University, WordNet) can therefore be easily combated by organic foods. This is simply because the more organic foods a person take the higher the quantity of antioxidants in that person system and this therefore provides a higher percentage of the body’s system in fighting off unstable growths and stabilizing these molecules.

Less rain fall causes decline Onion production this year

August 27, 2011 Leave a comment

The onion production is expected to fall by almost 20-30% this year due to the lack if rainfall in the main producing regions of of Maharashtra and Gujarat. Reports suggest that India had manufactured more than 14-million tonnes of onions in the 2010-11 crop year (July-June). The Kharif sowing of onions has got delayed in these different Indian states due to lack of rain. It will be having an adverse fallout on the fresh onion crops arrival in the market.

In 1977, the National Horticultural Research and Development Foundation (NHRDF) had been established by cooperative Nafed for guiding the farmers, exporters and the other stakeholders, who are concerned on how to bring improvement in the productivity and also the quality of horticultural crops like onions, garlic and potatoes.The rain absent in major onion producing regions in Maharashtra like Nashik, Dhulia and Ahmednagar, Saurashtra in Gujarat and Dharwad and Hubli in Karnataka.

FCI enjoys Big Food Subsidy also in 2010-11

August 27, 2011 Leave a comment

Centre’s subsidy to the Food Corporation of India (FCI) for obtaining foodgrain surged by 35.11% to Rs 57,925 crore in the fiscal year 2010-11 as compared to Rs 42,873 crore in the financial year 2009-10, Prof KV Thomas, the minister of state for consumer affairs, food and public distribution said in a written reply in the the Lok Sabha.

As per the government data furnished by Thomas, the cost of wheat procurement cost surged by 50.51% to Rs 30,731 crore in 2010-11 as against Rs 20,417 crore in 2009-10. The cost of rice procurement rose by 13.06% to Rs 36,679 crore as compared to Rs 32,440 crore in 2009-10.

Prof Thomas has stated that the cost escalation has been due to numerous factors such as surge in the minimum support price (MSP) of wheat and rice, along with the surge in the quantity of foodgrains to be allocated under numerous schemes.

Bumper Production of Oil seeds in 2010-11 in India.

August 27, 2011 Leave a comment

Seeing the broad area of cultivation in the current kharif season, the edible oil industry organization Solvent Extractors’ Association of India (SEA) is expecting a buffer production of oilseeds in the 2011-12 crop year (July-June).

In the 2010-11 crop year, the country has registered a bumper production of oilseeds that reached to 31.1 million tones, of which kharif season contributed about 20.84 million tones. As per the report of SEA, the cultivation area of oilseeds has increased to 168.8 lakh hectares in the current kharif season in the country, as compared to 164.5 lakh hectares of 2010-11 crop year.

According to Sushil Goenka, President of Solvent Extractors’ Association of India, the country is witnessing a remarkable increment in the cultivation areas for castor, soyabean and sesame. But at the same time, area for the cultivation of sunflowers and groundnut has come down substantially.

HI-8663: A durum wheat variety for nutritious Beta-carotene rich Chapati

August 27, 2011 Leave a comment

HI 8663 , a newly durum wheat variety is excellent with high ß -carotene content of 6.5 ppm* showing remarkable stability over growing seasons and collations. It is recommended for release in southern parts of the country i.e. Karnataka and Maharashtra . It can serve as ‘naturally bio-fortified food’ and can be used for dual purpose. Because of its high and stable ß -carotene, high sedimentation value, high protein content of 11.6 per cent and high levels of micro nutrients; it can be used for nutritive chapati and also good for quality pasta preparations for improving nutritional security especially in Southern part of the country, having pre-dominance of rice in their diet. Also, it has higher levels of other important micronutrients like iron 47.0 ppm and manganese 28.0 ppm.

HI 8663 is a novel genotype characterized by excellent grain quality, high stable yield and high resistance to stem and leaf rusts. It is developed by Indian Agricultural Research Institute’s Regional Station located at Indore in Madhya Pradesh.

Developed by Ludhiana based Punjab Agricultural University, new wheat variety PBW 550 combines high grain yield with high degree of resistance to leaf rust and stripe rust. The yield of PBW 550 under irrigated and timely sown condition is 48 quintal per hectare. PBW 550 will replace HD 2687, PBW 343, PBW 502 and WH 542 and an alternative for DBW 17. It is recommended for cultivation in north-western plains zone . Major problem in north-western plains zone is susceptibility of predominant varieties to leaf rust and stripe rust.

The farmers of Gujarat, Madhya Pradesh and Rajasthan will get an improved wheat variety HI 1544 . Despite being earliest in heading and maturity compare to other variety, HI 1544 yields 6.3 per cent higher than GW 190, 8 per cent over LoK-1 and equally good yield, as compared to GW 322 and GW 366. It will save irrigation water, a precious input in Central parts of the country. HI 1544 will help in harvesting better yield even under deficient irrigation availability. Having high yield of 51.4 q/ha and wider adaptability, it combines high levels of field resistance to stem and leaf rusts and seedling resistance to all the pathotypes. Its early maturity and medium bold lustrous grains will provide better alternative to identified variety GW 366 in improving the productivity and profitability of farmers of Gujarat, Madhya Pradesh and Rajasthan.

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PBW-621(for wheat) and FDK-124 (desi cotton)-New Varieties from PAU Ludhiana

August 27, 2011 Leave a comment

Punjab Agricultural University of Ludhiana on Wednesday announced the release of new wheat and cotton varieties.

The varieties, named PBW-621(for wheat) and FDK-124 (desi cotton), were approved for release at a meeting of state variety approval committee (SVAC) for field crops held at farmers service centre under the chairmanship of director, agriculture, Punjab, Dr BS Sidhu.

The new wheat variety will be resistant to yellow rust disease which has extensively damaged winter crop of PB 343 variety this year.
Moreover, it is also resistant to black rust disease though it has not attacked crop in India,” Punjab Agricultural University (PAU) Director Research S S Gosal said today.Revealing another feature of wheat variety, Gosal said the height of this semi dwarf variety is 15 centimeter more than that of other wheat varieties, hence it will lead to generation of more straw for farmers for extra income.
Wheat straw fetches Rs 500 to 600 per quintal in the market.He said PAU has sufficient seed of new wheat variety which will be given to farmers ahead of sowing in rabi season. Though over 90 per cent area is under Bt cotton, PAU developed new variety FDK-124 of ‘desi’ cotton that would be resistant to Cotton Lead Curl Virus (CLCV).CLCV has affected Bt cotton but the new variety will be highly resistant to it,” he said. In Punjab, 5 to 8 per cent area is still under ‘desi’ Cotton.He said it is an early maturing and high yielding variety of desi cotton. Taking about 160 days to mature, the variety gives an average seed cotton yield of 9.28 quintals per acre, he added.Sufficient seed of FDK-124 is available for multiplication.

Kharif MSP 2011-12

August 19, 2011 Leave a comment
  1. Paddy (Common)   Rs 1080 per quintal    increase of Rs 80 per quintal   
  2. (Grade A)              Rs 1110 per quintal    increase of Rs 80 per quintal 
  3. Jowar (Hybrid)       Rs 980 per quintal     increase of Rs 100 per quintal  
  4. Bajra                      Rs 980 per quintal     increase of Rs 100 per quintal 
  5. Maize                     Rs 980 per quintal     increase of Rs 100 per quintal 
  6. Jowar (Maldandi)   Rs 1000 per quintal   increase of Rs 100 per quintal 
  7. Ragi                       Rs 1050 per quintal   increase of Rs 85 per quintal 
  8. Arhar (Tur)            Rs 3200 per quintal   increase of Rs 200 per quintal 
  9. Moong                  Rs 3500 per quintal   increase of Rs 330 per quintal 
  10. Urad                     Rs 3300 per quintal   increase of Rs 400 per quintal
  11. Groundnut-in-shell Rs 2700 per quintal   increase of Rs 400 per quintal
  12. Sunflowerseed       Rs 2800 per quintal   increase of Rs 450 per quintal
  13. Sesamum               Rs 3400 per quintal   increase of Rs 500 per quintal
  14. Nigerseed              Rs 2900 per quintal   increase of Rs 450 per quintal
  15. Soyabean (Black)  Rs 1650 per quintal   increase of Rs 250 per quintal
  16. Soyabean (Yellow)Rs 1690 per quintal   increase of Rs 250 per quintal
  17. Cotton                   Rs 2800 per quintal   increase of Rs 300 per quintal

Dr. Prakash Bakshi has assumed charge as Chairman of the NABARD.

August 19, 2011 Leave a comment

Dr. Prakash Bakshi has assumed charge as Chairman of the National Bank for Agriculture and Rural Development (NABARD).

A Doctorate in Economics, Dr. Bakshi started his career as a lecturer at Ravishankar University, Raipur, before joining the Reserve Bank of India in 1979. Before being appointed as NABARD Chairman, he was responsible for designing the Organisational and Business Restructuring of NABARD and spearheading initiatives in cooperative portfolios, core banking solutions for co-operative banks, rural infrastructure and direct financing.

Dr Bakshi was member of the team that designed the ‘Self Help Groups (SHGs) – Bank Linkage Programme’ which is today the largest and fastest growing micro finance programme of the World. He was also associated with the Committee on Cooperative Credit Structuring set up by the Government of India under Prof. Vaidyanathan and has negotiated with the Government of India, ADB, World Bank and KfW for funding the legal and institutional reforms for rural cooperatives.