Home > Agri GK, Agri-News > HI-8663: A durum wheat variety for nutritious Beta-carotene rich Chapati

HI-8663: A durum wheat variety for nutritious Beta-carotene rich Chapati

HI 8663 , a newly durum wheat variety is excellent with high ß -carotene content of 6.5 ppm* showing remarkable stability over growing seasons and collations. It is recommended for release in southern parts of the country i.e. Karnataka and Maharashtra . It can serve as ‘naturally bio-fortified food’ and can be used for dual purpose. Because of its high and stable ß -carotene, high sedimentation value, high protein content of 11.6 per cent and high levels of micro nutrients; it can be used for nutritive chapati and also good for quality pasta preparations for improving nutritional security especially in Southern part of the country, having pre-dominance of rice in their diet. Also, it has higher levels of other important micronutrients like iron 47.0 ppm and manganese 28.0 ppm.

HI 8663 is a novel genotype characterized by excellent grain quality, high stable yield and high resistance to stem and leaf rusts. It is developed by Indian Agricultural Research Institute’s Regional Station located at Indore in Madhya Pradesh.

Developed by Ludhiana based Punjab Agricultural University, new wheat variety PBW 550 combines high grain yield with high degree of resistance to leaf rust and stripe rust. The yield of PBW 550 under irrigated and timely sown condition is 48 quintal per hectare. PBW 550 will replace HD 2687, PBW 343, PBW 502 and WH 542 and an alternative for DBW 17. It is recommended for cultivation in north-western plains zone . Major problem in north-western plains zone is susceptibility of predominant varieties to leaf rust and stripe rust.

The farmers of Gujarat, Madhya Pradesh and Rajasthan will get an improved wheat variety HI 1544 . Despite being earliest in heading and maturity compare to other variety, HI 1544 yields 6.3 per cent higher than GW 190, 8 per cent over LoK-1 and equally good yield, as compared to GW 322 and GW 366. It will save irrigation water, a precious input in Central parts of the country. HI 1544 will help in harvesting better yield even under deficient irrigation availability. Having high yield of 51.4 q/ha and wider adaptability, it combines high levels of field resistance to stem and leaf rusts and seedling resistance to all the pathotypes. Its early maturity and medium bold lustrous grains will provide better alternative to identified variety GW 366 in improving the productivity and profitability of farmers of Gujarat, Madhya Pradesh and Rajasthan.

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