Yellow Rust of Wheat::Identification and Control

August 28, 2011 Leave a comment

The outburst of yellow rust in Distts  of Kathua, Samba and Jammu on variety PBW343 inthe preceding season (2008-09) was serious. This disease survives on volunteer Wheat plants in the hills during the off season. The rust produce yellow pustules in stripes on the leave when the season advances these stripes become black. The rust become severe by the end of February or Ist week of March, the affected leaves dry up, the grain shrivel and the yield is very low.

Favourable conditions:-

 

Cloudy weather, high humidity during Feb. and  March.
Extent of damage:-         Extent of damage range from 20-40%
Recommendations v  Use resistant varieties and adopt timely sowing

v  Rust resistant varieties like DBW 17 and PBW 550 are recommended for Jammu Samba & Kathua region of J&K state.

v  The Sowing of Wheat should be done after treating the seed with bioagent Trichoderma  viride @ 4.0 g/kg seed + fungicide  Tebuconazole 2DS (Rexil) @ 0.1 gm/Kg of wheat seed or Carboxin 75 WP (Vitavax 75 WP) @ 1.25 g/Kg seed.

v  In case of appearance of yellow rust on the crop, spray of Propiconazole 25 EC (Tilt 25 EC) @ 0.1% is recommended to check its further spread. This treatment also provide protection against powdery mildew  and Karnal bunt disease , besides rust.

v   Spray the crop with bayleton 200 @ 0.1% mancozeb @ 0.25% or triadimefon @ 0.01%. Ist spray is to be given at the initiation of disease and repeat spraying after 10-14 days interval.

v  One Spray of propiconazole 25EC @ 0.1 per cent be given on appearance of the disease. This spray should be given on seeing the initiation of the disease in the field or at the appropriate time somewhere in early February

 

 

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Endosulfan ban continues in southern states

August 28, 2011 Leave a comment

A central expert committee has given a report to the Supreme Court endorsing ban on sale and use of endosulfan in Kerala and Karnataka but said farmers in other states could be allowed to use the pesticide for agriculture.
However, the expert committee jointly chaired by director general of Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR) and Agriculture Commissioner of India in its interim report to the court found ample proof of health disorders among people and damage to the environment to recommend enforcement of SC’s total ban on use of endosulfan in the two south Indian states.
Answering a specific query posed by a bench headed by Chief Justice S H Kapadia, the committee said if the court was not convinced to lift its interim ban on manufacture, sale and use of the cheap pesticide, then there could be no harm in allowing industry to exhaust their endosulfan stock through exports. The industry had been seeking SC’s permission to export to meet prior commitments. Recommending continuance of complete ban in Kerala and Karnataka, the report said, “The restriction on endosulfan is supported by data from Kerala and Karnataka only whereas none of the other states have reported endosulfan associated adverse health effects so far which is part of future investigations planned.” The court will consider the report on Friday. On May 13, the court had banned use of endosulfan across the country while directing the expert committee to report on the future course of action. The team of experts headed by ICMR DG V M Katoch and agricultural commissioner Gurbachan Singh conducted field studies and spot visits. The team concluded, “The major users of endosulfan based on 2009-10 data including Haryana, Punjab, Bihar and Maharashtra did not report any negative effect of endosulfan use on crops, human health, animal soil, and water with the exception of Kerala and Karnataka.”

The committee said a nation-wide study on the harmful effects of endosulfan could take up to two years.

But the report sounded an alarm about Kerala saying, “Reproductive morbidities in respect of infertility, abortions and intra-uterine deaths are more frequent in areas which were aerially sprayed with endosulfan. High incidence of infertility was spotted in women aged above 30 years while in younger women, the effect was gradually coming down.”

It added, “Boys showed delayed onset of puberty and prevalence of congenital abnormality among school children above 12 years of age, besides high incidence of cancer deaths among persons below 50 years of age.”

The report came in response to court’s queries on a PIL filed by Democratic Youth Federation of India (DYFI), which had sought a ban on the use of endosulfan.

Organic Foods, Antioxidants and Oncogenes

August 28, 2011 Leave a comment

Organic Foods helps in reducing the probability of getting cancer, have some kind of molecules called antioxidants that suppress oncogens. It sounds unbelievable but this is true and has been scientifically proved over and over again. One may ask how, well it is simple. Organic foods increase the antioxidant level in the body. Antioxidants are essential in eliminating the chances of getting cancer as one grows older. Now, someone might be wondering what antioxidants are and the relationship it has with organic foods. To answer that question, “antioxidants are compounds that may shield cells from the impairment initiated by unstable substances that are known as free radicals.Free radical impairment is the main reason behind the cause of cancerAntioxidants merge with and cause the free radicals to stabilize and may stop some of the impairment free radicals might then cause” (Source: National Cancer Institute).

With antioxidants understood, one can clearly see why they are important for the human system especially as we grow older and our immune system cannot combat certain bodily reactions. To further open the eyes of people on the benefits of organic foods, it must be observed that traditional foods make use of pesticides, herbicides and hormones which contribute largely to cancer development. Imagine increasing your chances of getting a disease which can kill when eating food which is meant for survival. It is better to prevent than to neglect an impending situation. To stick on the safer side, the population should encourage organic food consumption for good health and in the long run reduction in the death rates. Cancer, “which is any malignant growth or tumor caused by abnormal and uncontrolled cell division” (Source: Princeton University, WordNet) can therefore be easily combated by organic foods. This is simply because the more organic foods a person take the higher the quantity of antioxidants in that person system and this therefore provides a higher percentage of the body’s system in fighting off unstable growths and stabilizing these molecules.

Less rain fall causes decline Onion production this year

August 27, 2011 Leave a comment

The onion production is expected to fall by almost 20-30% this year due to the lack if rainfall in the main producing regions of of Maharashtra and Gujarat. Reports suggest that India had manufactured more than 14-million tonnes of onions in the 2010-11 crop year (July-June). The Kharif sowing of onions has got delayed in these different Indian states due to lack of rain. It will be having an adverse fallout on the fresh onion crops arrival in the market.

In 1977, the National Horticultural Research and Development Foundation (NHRDF) had been established by cooperative Nafed for guiding the farmers, exporters and the other stakeholders, who are concerned on how to bring improvement in the productivity and also the quality of horticultural crops like onions, garlic and potatoes.The rain absent in major onion producing regions in Maharashtra like Nashik, Dhulia and Ahmednagar, Saurashtra in Gujarat and Dharwad and Hubli in Karnataka.

FCI enjoys Big Food Subsidy also in 2010-11

August 27, 2011 Leave a comment

Centre’s subsidy to the Food Corporation of India (FCI) for obtaining foodgrain surged by 35.11% to Rs 57,925 crore in the fiscal year 2010-11 as compared to Rs 42,873 crore in the financial year 2009-10, Prof KV Thomas, the minister of state for consumer affairs, food and public distribution said in a written reply in the the Lok Sabha.

As per the government data furnished by Thomas, the cost of wheat procurement cost surged by 50.51% to Rs 30,731 crore in 2010-11 as against Rs 20,417 crore in 2009-10. The cost of rice procurement rose by 13.06% to Rs 36,679 crore as compared to Rs 32,440 crore in 2009-10.

Prof Thomas has stated that the cost escalation has been due to numerous factors such as surge in the minimum support price (MSP) of wheat and rice, along with the surge in the quantity of foodgrains to be allocated under numerous schemes.

Bumper Production of Oil seeds in 2010-11 in India.

August 27, 2011 Leave a comment

Seeing the broad area of cultivation in the current kharif season, the edible oil industry organization Solvent Extractors’ Association of India (SEA) is expecting a buffer production of oilseeds in the 2011-12 crop year (July-June).

In the 2010-11 crop year, the country has registered a bumper production of oilseeds that reached to 31.1 million tones, of which kharif season contributed about 20.84 million tones. As per the report of SEA, the cultivation area of oilseeds has increased to 168.8 lakh hectares in the current kharif season in the country, as compared to 164.5 lakh hectares of 2010-11 crop year.

According to Sushil Goenka, President of Solvent Extractors’ Association of India, the country is witnessing a remarkable increment in the cultivation areas for castor, soyabean and sesame. But at the same time, area for the cultivation of sunflowers and groundnut has come down substantially.

Cotton Corporation of India

August 27, 2011 Leave a comment

Cotton Corporation of India invites application for following posts:Assistant manager (mktng, legal, hrd)-13 Posts

Those who have passed two years full time MBA/MMS/PGDBM or equivalent in Mktg./Agri. Business/ HR should submit documentary evidence, alongwith the application, from theInstitute/ University that they have specialization in the relevant branch. Wherever grade points are awarded, a certificate of equivalent percentage of marks certified by the Institute/University will have to be attached with the application. Interested candidates may send their applications in the prescribed proforma which can be obtained by sending self addressed stamped envelope at the above address or can be downloaded from our website www.cotcorp.gov.in. Completed Application Form superscribing the name of the post applied for on the envelope alongwith a DD of Rs.100 /- (SC/ST/PH candidates need not send DD) payable to The Cotton Corporation of India Ltd. payable at Navi Mumbai should reach at the following

address on or before 31.08.11:

General Manager (HRD), The Cotton Corporation of India Ltd., Kapas Bhavan, Plot No.3 A, Sector-10, C.B.D Belapur, Navi-Mumbai-400 614 (M.S)

For more details Visit: http://www.cotcorp.com